McDonnell Douglas MD 80

McDonnell Douglas MD 80

McDonnell Douglas MD-80 series are twin-engine commercial aircraft modified from Douglas DC-9. It was developed by McDonnell Douglas. The MD-80 series was launched in 1980, followed by the improved McDonnell Douglas MD-90 series in 1989, and the McDonnell Douglas MD-95 (later renamed Boeing 717) in 1995.

Role: Narrow-body jet airliner
Manufacturer: McDonnell Douglas / Boeing (from Aug. 1997)
First flight: October 18, 1979
Introduction: October 10, 1980 with Swissair
Produced: 1979–1999

Variants

  • MD-81
  • MD-82
  • MD-83
  • MD-87
  • MD-88
  • MD-80 Advanced (Undeveloped)
  • MD-89 (Undeveloped)
  • MD-90X (Undeveloped)
  • P-9D (Undeveloped)

Specifications

Cockpit crew: 2
Seating (1-class seats): 130-172
Seating (2-class seats): 117-143
Length: 130 ft 5 in (39.75 m) – 147 ft 10 in (45.06 m)
Wing: 107 ft 8 in (32.82 m) span, 1,209 sq ft (112.3 m²) area
Aspect ratio: 9.62
Tail height: 29 ft 7 in (9.02 m) – 30 ft 4 in (9.25 m)
Width: 131.6 in / 334.3 cm fuselage, 122.5 in / 311.2 cm cabin
Empty weight: 73,300 lb (33,200 kg) – 79,700 lb (36,200 kg)
MTOW: 140,000 lb (63,500 kg) – 160,000 lb (72,600 kg)
Cruise speed: Long-range cruise Mach 0.76 / High-speed cruise: Mach 0.8
Range: 1,800 nmi (3,300 km) – 2,900 nmi (4,400–5,400 km)
Takeoff: 7,200 ft (2,200 m) – 8,000 ft (2,400 m)
Fuel capacity: 5,850 US gal (22,100 L) – 7,000 US gal (26,000 L)
Engines (×2): Pratt & Whitney JT8D-200 series
Thrust (×2): 18,500–21,000 lbf (82–93 kN)

Major Operators

  • Delta Air Lines
  • LASER Airlines
  • World Atlantic Airlines
  • Bulgarian Air Charter